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ISO Terms: Quality Policy, Objectives and Manual

Quality Objectives

A quality objective is a set of goals for the value of the product, service provided and the production process can strive for. Quality objectives outline the key processes of the company’s quality assurance policy. Businesses use them to focus the efforts of the employees to work toward constant improvement.

The quality objectives created by your business should be created using the SMART principle. Meaning each goal is specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-based. While also being relevant to all people within the organization regardless of their department.

Occasionally people call quality objectives, key performance indicators (KPI). Each goal stemming from some aspect of the product or process such as durability, stability or safety objectives which are the aims to meet.

Making sure that each objective is communicated properly to those involved is a key part of beginning this process. Each individual should understand their part in reaching the goal, and how to remain compliant with the set standards while doing so.

Quality Policy

The quality policy is where the company has stated its promise. The promise to strive for consistent quality and constant improvement. The quality policy is a short document created by the executive management team.

It displays exactly what quality means to their company specifically. The purpose of their product or service and the strategic direction they are planning to take to achieve these goals.

You must show this document to all employees so all are aware and the company is aligned with their objective. The document is also made public to be accessed by customers and investors for reference and reassurance.

In short, a quality policy describes your business, what it offers and your commitment to delivering the highest quality product. Customer requirements are accounted for in the quality policy. Quality objectives are the goals linked to meeting customer requirements. These objectives are within the quality policy statements.   

Quality Manual

The quality manual is a document that holds the intentions for operating the processes within the QMS (quality management system). The quality manual contains any policies that may alter your production. Or that changes your ability to be compliant with the ISO 9001 requirements.

A quality policy is a promise to deliver a certain standard of final product.

Quality manuals are used to explain the operations of the company’s QMS to those within the company or to those outside, such as vendors or customers. Although there are certain things present in the majority of quality manuals, the contents are completely up to you. Although you are bound to provide evidence each process has been completed. So be sure to maintain that your policies align with your actual business practices. What quality manuals do need to have are at least 4 sections:

  • Quality Policy: direction and vision of the company.
  • QMS scope: what parts are included and excluded from the quality management system.
  • Quality system processes: Key activities (such as purchasing of inputs, process inspections, etc.).
  • Management Responsivities: which senior management members are involved with the QMS and their responsibilities.

In essence, the quality manual communicates management’s expectations to employees. In order to demonstrate the process plans to conform with the requirements set by ISO 9001. The manual is used as an aid while designing the quality management processes that will be effective in the organization.

Documented Information

As of the 2015 updated version of ISO 9001, both the terms ‘record’ and ‘documented procedure’ have been excluded. Both terms are now considered as “documented information.”

Documented information can be defined as all the information passing through a business. All information that needs to be maintained or controlled that is. Documented information is referring to any information that must be organized and accessible. Some examples of documented information could be work instructions, inspection processes, product labels.

Documented information is a large portion of being eligible to become certified. This information explains the currently running processes of the company. As well as how they plan to improve these processes in the future.